I created this blog as a resource for people who want to identify reef fishes in Singapore.

Each page represents a Family (or a subset of a Family if there are a lot of species within that Family), and the fish within are listed in alphabetical order. Not all the fish listed will have in-situ images – as you can imagine, photographing fish in their natural habitat in Singapore waters can be quite challenging.

Images that are used here are taken by me (Jeffrey Low), unless otherwise indicated. While I am pretty relaxed about copyright, I would appreciate it if I am asked for permission to use my images on other websites, and that they be linked back to this page, or to my Flickr account.

Please feel free to provide comments to improve the page. Happy viewing!



Allen, GR, 1985. Butterfly and angelfishes of the world. Vol 2. 352pp. Mergus Publications, Germany.

Allen, G, R Steene, P Humann and N deLoach, 2007. Reef Fish Identification: Tropical Pacific. Odyssey Publishing, USA. 457pp.

Fautin, DG and GR Allen, 1997. Anemone fishes and their host sea anemones. Western Australian Museum, Australia. 160pp.

Kuiter, RH 2003. Seahorses, pipefishes and their relatives: A comprehensive guide to Syngnathiformes. TMC Publishing, UK.

Lieske, E and R Myers, 1994. Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes, Indo-Pacific and Caribbean including the Red Sea. Harper Collins Publishers, 400p.

Lim, KKP and JKY Low, 1998. A guide to common marine fishes of Singapore. Singapore Science Centre. 163pp.

Low, JKY, 2013. More noteworthy fishes observed in the Singapore Straits. Nature in Singapore, 6: 31–37. [PDF, 512 KB]

Low, JKY and LM Chou, 1992. Distribution of coral reef fish in Singapore. LM Chou and CR Wilkinson (eds.) 1992. Third ASEAN Science and Technology Week Conference Proceedings, Vol 6, Marine Science: Living Coastal Resources, 21-23 Sep 1992, Singapore. Dept of Zoology, National University of Singapore and National Science and Technology Board, Singapore.

Low, JKY and LM Chou, 1999. Fish community development at two types of artificial reefs in Singapore. Proc. 9th JSPS Joint Sem. Mar. Fish Sci. pp241-252, 1999.

Low, JKY, JIT Tanzil and Z Jaafar, 2009. Some note-worthy fishes observed in the Singapore Straits. Nature in Singapore, 2: 77–82. [PDF, 554 KB]

Myers, R.F., 1999. Micronesian reef fishes: a comprehensive guide to the coral reef fishes of Micronesia, 3rd revised and expanded edition. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 330 p.

Sin, T. M., M. M. Teo, P. K. L. Ng, L. M. Chou & H. W. Khoo, 1994. The damselfishes (Pisces: Osteichthyes: Pomacentridae) of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore: Systematics, ecology and conservation. Hydrobiologia, 285: 49–58.

Mabuchi, K, TH Fraser, H Song, Y Azuma and M Nishida, 2014. Revision of the systematics of the cardinalfishes (Percomorpha: Apogonidae) based on molecular analyses and comparative reevaluation of morphological characters. Zootaxa 3846 (2): 151–203.

Ng, PKL and YC Wee, 1994. The Singapore Red Data Book. Threatened Plants and Animals of Singapore. Nature Society (Singapore). 343pp.

Ng, HH and KKP Lim, 2014. A preliminary checklist of the cardinalfishes (Actinopterygii: Gobiiformes: Apogonidae) of Singapore. Check List 10(5): 1061–1070.

On-line resources:


Nature in Singapore

WildSingapore.com Fish


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s